Thursday, August 24, 2006

UNSC Resolution 1701 Aug 11, 2006

United Nations S/RES/1701 (2006)

Security Council Distr.: General 11 August 2006

Resolution 1701 (2006)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 5511th meeting, on 11 August 2006
The Security Council,

Recalling all its previous resolutions on Lebanon, in particular resolutions
425 (1978), 426 (1978), 520 (1982), 1559 (2004), 1655 (2006) 1680 (2006) and
1697 (2006), as well as the statements of its President on the situation in
Lebanon, in particular the statements of 18 June 2000 (S/PRST/2000/21), of
19 October 2004 (S/PRST/2004/36), of 4 May 2005 (S/PRST/2005/17), of 23
January 2006 (S/PRST/2006/3) and of 30 July 2006 (S/PRST/2006/35),

Expressing its utmost concern at the continuing escalation of hostilities in
Lebanon and in Israel since Hizbollah's attack on Israel on 12 July 2006,
which has already caused hundreds of deaths and injuries on both sides,
extensive damage to civilian infrastructure and hundreds of thousands of
internally displaced persons,

Emphasizing the need for an end of violence, but at the same time
emphasizing the need to address urgently the causes that have given rise to
the current crisis, including by the unconditional release of the abducted
Israeli soldiers,

Mindful of the sensitivity of the issue of prisoners and encouraging the
efforts aimed at urgently settling the issue of the Lebanese prisoners
detained in Israel,

Welcoming the efforts of the Lebanese Prime Minister and the commitment of
the Government of Lebanon, in its seven-point plan, to extend its authority
over its territory, through its own legitimate armed forces, such that there
will be no weapons without the consent of the Government of Lebanon and no
authority other than that of the Government of Lebanon, welcoming also its
commitment to a United Nations force that is supplemented and enhanced in
numbers, equipment, mandate and scope of operation, and bearing in mind its
request in this plan for an immediate withdrawal of the Israeli forces from
southern Lebanon,

Determined to act for this withdrawal to happen at the earliest,

Taking due note of the proposals made in the seven-point plan regarding the
Shebaa farms area,

Welcoming the unanimous decision by the Government of Lebanon on 7 August
2006 to deploy a Lebanese armed force of 15,000 troops in South Lebanon as
the Israeli army withdraws behind the Blue Line and to request the
assistance of

06-46503 (E)

S/RES/1701 (2006)

additional forces from the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL)
as needed, to facilitate the entry of the Lebanese armed forces into the
region and to restate its intention to strengthen the Lebanese armed forces
with material as needed to enable it to perform its duties,

Aware of its responsibilities to help secure a permanent ceasefire and a
long-term solution to the conflict,

Determining that the situation in Lebanon constitutes a threat to
international peace and security,

Calls for a full cessation of hostilities based upon, in particular, the
immediate cessation by Hizbollah of all attacks and the immediate cessation
by Israel of all offensive military operations;

Upon full cessation of hostilities, calls upon the Government of Lebanon and
UNIFIL as authorized by paragraph 11 to deploy their forces together
throughout the South and calls upon the Government of Israel, as that
deployment begins, to withdraw all of its forces from southern Lebanon in

Emphasizes the importance of the extension of the control of the Government
of Lebanon over all Lebanese territory in accordance with the provisions of
resolution 1559 (2004) and resolution 1680 (2006), and of the relevant
provisions of the Taif Accords, for it to exercise its full sovereignty, so
that there will be no weapons without the consent of the Government of
Lebanon and no authority other than that of the Government of Lebanon;

4. Reiterates its strong support for full respect for the Blue Line;

Also reiterates its strong support, as recalled in all its previous relevant
resolutions, for the territorial integrity, sovereignty and political
independence of Lebanon within its internationally recognized borders, as
contemplated by the Israeli-Lebanese General Armistice Agreement of 23 March

Calls on the international community to take immediate steps to extend its
financial and humanitarian assistance to the Lebanese people, including
through facilitating the safe return of displaced persons and, under the
authority of the Government of Lebanon, reopening airports and harbours,
consistent with paragraphs 14 and 15, and calls on it also to consider
further assistance in the future to contribute to the reconstruction and
development of Lebanon;

Affirms that all parties are responsible for ensuring that no action is
taken contrary to paragraph 1 that might adversely affect the search for a
long-term solution, humanitarian access to civilian populations, including
safe passage for humanitarian convoys, or the voluntary and safe return of
displaced persons, and calls on all parties to comply with this
responsibility and to cooperate with the Security Council;

Calls for Israel and Lebanon to support a permanent ceasefire and a
long-term solution based on the following principles and elements:

full respect for the Blue Line by both parties;

security arrangements to prevent the resumption of hostilities, including
the establishment between the Blue Line and the Litani river of an area free
of any

S/RES/1701 (2006)
armed personnel, assets and weapons other than those of the Government of
Lebanon and of UNIFIL as authorized in paragraph 11, deployed in this area;

full implementation of the relevant provisions of the Taif Accords, and of
resolutions 1559 (2004) and 1680 (2006), that require the disarmament of all
armed groups in Lebanon, so that, pursuant to the Lebanese cabinet decision
of 27 July 2006, there will be no weapons or authority in Lebanon other than
that of the Lebanese State;
no foreign forces in Lebanon without the consent of its Government;
no sales or supply of arms and related materiel to Lebanon except as
authorized by its Government;
provision to the United Nations of all remaining maps of landmines in
Lebanon in Israel's possession;
Invites the Secretary-General to support efforts to secure as soon as
possible agreements in principle from the Government of Lebanon and the
Government of Israel to the principles and elements for a long-term solution
as set forth in paragraph 8, and expresses its intention to be actively

Requests the Secretary-General to develop, in liaison with relevant
international actors and the concerned parties, proposals to implement the
relevant provisions of the Taif Accords, and resolutions 1559 (2004) and
1680 (2006), including disarmament, and for delineation of the international
borders of Lebanon, especially in those areas where the border is disputed
or uncertain, including by dealing with the Shebaa farms area, and to
present to the Security Council those proposals within thirty days;

Decides, in order to supplement and enhance the force in numbers, equipment,
mandate and scope of operations, to authorize an increase in the force
strength of UNIFIL to a maximum of 15,000 troops, and that the force shall,
in addition to carrying out its mandate under resolutions 425 and 426

(a) Monitor the cessation of hostilities;

Accompany and support the Lebanese armed forces as they deploy throughout
the South, including along the Blue Line, as Israel withdraws its armed
forces from Lebanon as provided in paragraph 2;
Coordinate its activities related to paragraph 11 (b) with the Government of
Lebanon and the Government of Israel;
Extend its assistance to help ensure humanitarian access to civilian
populations and the voluntary and safe return of displaced persons;
Assist the Lebanese armed forces in taking steps towards the establishment
of the area as referred to in paragraph 8;
Assist the Government of Lebanon, at its request, to implement paragraph 14;

12. Acting in support of a request from the Government of Lebanon to deploy
an international force to assist it to exercise its authority throughout the
territory, authorizes UNIFIL to take all necessary action in areas of
deployment of its forces and as it deems within its capabilities, to ensure
that its area of operations

S/RES/1701 (2006)

is not utilized for hostile activities of any kind, to resist attempts by
forceful means to prevent it from discharging its duties under the mandate
of the Security Council, and to protect United Nations personnel,
facilities, installations and equipment, ensure the security and freedom of
movement of United Nations personnel, humanitarian workers and, without
prejudice to the responsibility of the Government of Lebanon, to protect
civilians under imminent threat of physical violence;

Requests the Secretary-General urgently to put in place measures to ensure
UNIFIL is able to carry out the functions envisaged in this resolution,
urges Member States to consider making appropriate contributions to UNIFIL
and to respond positively to requests for assistance from the Force, and
expresses its strong appreciation to those who have contributed to UNIFIL in
the past;

Calls upon the Government of Lebanon to secure its borders and other entry
points to prevent the entry in Lebanon without its consent of arms or
related materiel and requests UNIFIL as authorized in paragraph 11 to assist
the Government of Lebanon at its request;

Decides further that all States shall take the necessary measures to
prevent, by their nationals or from their territories or using their flag
vessels or aircraft:

The sale or supply to any entity or individual in Lebanon of arms and
related materiel of all types, including weapons and ammunition, military
vehicles and equipment, paramilitary equipment, and spare parts for the
aforementioned, whether or not originating in their territories; and
The provision to any entity or individual in Lebanon of any technical
training or assistance related to the provision, manufacture, maintenance or
use of the items listed in subparagraph (a) above;
except that these prohibitions shall not apply to arms, related material,
training or assistance authorized by the Government of Lebanon or by UNIFIL
as authorized in paragraph 11;

Decides to extend the mandate of UNIFIL until 31 August 2007, and expresses
its intention to consider in a later resolution further enhancements to the
mandate and other steps to contribute to the implementation of a permanent
ceasefire and a long-term solution;

Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Council within one week on
the implementation of this resolution and subsequently on a regular basis;

Stresses the importance of, and the need to achieve, a comprehensive, just
and lasting peace in the Middle East, based on all its relevant resolutions
including its resolutions 242 (1967) of 22 November 1967, 338 (1973) of 22
October 1973 and 1515 (2003) of 19 November 2003;

19. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.